¿Se deben confiar actividades profesionales en cirugía mínimamente invasiva al médico general? Una propuesta basada en el aprendizaje experiencial

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.30944/20117582.1445

Palabras clave:

cirugía general, médicos generales, educación médica, educación basada en competencias, práctica profesional, Colombia

Resumen

Introducción. El entrenamiento en cirugía mínimamente invasiva y la definición de las actividades profesionales específicas, socialmente responsables y seguras para el paciente, son un desafío y un deber en la educación médica. Nuestro objetivo es argumentar a favor de esta intervención y describir las especificaciones, alcances y limitaciones de las actividades profesionales confiables a este nivel, así como su lugar en un modelo de aprendizaje experiencial en cirugía mínimamente invasiva para toda la vida.

Métodos. Se evalúa el contexto de la actividad quirúrgica asistencial de los médicos generales, con relación a su participación en el equipo quirúrgico y la necesidad de incorporación en su perfil profesional de unas competencias propias de la cirugía mínimamente invasiva, acorde con su nivel y funciones. Mediante una postura académica y reflexiva, se identifican vacíos y oportunidades de avanzar en el tema.

Resultados. El perfil profesional de un médico general debe contemplar la cirugía mínimamente invasiva como una competencia dentro de su formación, de manera análoga a las propias de la cirugía tradicional abierta. Para ello, se requiere afrontar coherentemente el cambio de teoría y educación quirúrgica, el cambio en la demanda de servicios quirúrgicos y procedimientos, así como fortalecer el rol activo del médico general en el equipo quirúrgico.

Conclusiones. Es necesario modificar el paradigma educativo en cirugía, desde la formación médica en el pregrado. Se plantea un modelo de aprendizaje experiencial de cirugía mínimamente invasiva, y se establecen las competencias fundamentadas en actividades profesionales confiables, necesarias para el perfil profesional de un médico general del siglo XXI.

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Biografía del autor/a

Neil Valentín Vega-Peña, Universidad de la Sabana, Chía, Colombia.

MD, MSc, especialista en Cirugía general, magister en Epidemiología; profesor y coordinador, Departamento de Cirugía.

Luis Carlos Domínguez-Torres, Universidad de la Sabana, Chía, Colombia.

MD, MPHE, PhD, especialista en Cirugía general, magister en Educación Médica y Profesiones de la Salud, doctor en Educación Médica; profesor asociado, Departamento de Cirugía.

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Publicado

2022-03-30

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(1)
Vega-Peña, N. V.; Domínguez-Torres, L. C. ¿Se Deben Confiar Actividades Profesionales En cirugía mínimamente Invasiva Al médico General? Una Propuesta Basada En El Aprendizaje Experiencial. Rev Colomb Cir 2022, 37, 364-376.

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