Ecografía en cirugía general

Palabras clave: ultrasonografía, diagnóstico por imagen, cirugía general, historia, abdomen agudo

Resumen

La ecografía es un estudio de imágenes diagnósticas con una amplia historia de uso en todas las especialidades de la Medicina; su advenimiento ha ayudado al enfoque diagnóstico e, incluso, al abordaje terapéutico de los pacientes.

Desde su origen en el siglo XIX con mediciones de la velocidad del sonido en el agua, hasta el desarrollo de las máquinas de ultrasonografía sustentadas en los avances de la tecnología, la física y la ingeniería, se ha utilizado de manera notable en la Medicina.

No hay duda de que, en el campo de la Cirugía General, ha sido útil para el manejo de los pacientes con enfermedad abdominal. La tecnología ecográfica permite identificar las características de un órgano normal y, cuando este patrón se afecta, orienta sobre la causa o determina la enfermedad que puede estar produciendo la alteración.

En la presente revisión, se hace un recuento histórico del nacimiento de la ecografía, su aplicación en el campo de la medicina y su utilidad para el cirujano general en diversas circunstancias de la práctica quirúrgica.

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Biografía del autor/a

Laura Cristancho, Universidad Militar Nueva Granada, Bogotá, D.C., Colombia

Médica, especialista en Cirugía General, Universidad Militar Nueva Granada, Bogotá, D.C., Colombia

Julio Cesar Granada, Fundación Santa Fe de Bogotá, D.C., Colombia

Médico, especialista en Cirugía de Tórax, Fundación Santa Fe, Bogotá, D.C., Colombia

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Publicado
2019-12-04
Cómo citar
1.
Cristancho Torres L, Granada Camacho JC. Ecografía en cirugía general. Rev Colomb Cir [Internet]. 4 de diciembre de 2019 [citado 2 de junio de 2020];34(4):372-85. Disponible en: https://www.revistacirugia.org/index.php/cirugia/article/view/517
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Artículo de Revisión